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Why so much more fuss about wolves than other large predators?

posted Mar 30, 2015, 9:46 AM by Scott Slocum   [ updated Mar 31, 2015, 7:56 PM ]

It's a bit of a mystery, why wolf activists are so focused on wolves. Part of it is that wolves have come back from regional extinctions, so we prize them as rare creatures that were almost lost. Part of it is that some people hate them so much, and are out to destroy them, that we feel a special need to protect them.

But if we were to think more about the contrast of our feelings about wolves to, for example, our feelings about bobcats, we might notice an irrational bias. A MN DNR article about bobcats (Edson 2014) pointed out proudly the numbers of bobcats killed in recent years by trappers and hunters. 1,681 bobcats killed by recreational trappers and 194 by recreational hunters in the 2012-2013 season. Many times more than the recreational killing of wolves, many times more than the hate killing of wolves. Why don't we have "Stop the Hunt" tee shirts for bobcats? 

Because, for some reason, bobcats haven't captured the popular consciousness the way wolves have.

Some would say that we focus too little on bobcats, and that we could learn more about other animals through our interest in wolves. Some would say that we focus to much on wolves, and that we could learn more about the cruelties of nature (and the parts that humans play in them) by learning to "not care" so much about wolves (to the same extent that we don't care so much about bobcats). Each person might learn something from the contrast.


Bobcat kittens (Lynx rufus) in North Texas. Photo by Summer M. Tribble.


Reference
Edson, Jacob. 2014. “Bountiful Bobcats.” Minnesota Conservation Volunteer, January 1. http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/mcvmagazine/issues/2014/jan-feb/bobcats.html.

What's a self-regulating wildlife population?

posted Sep 3, 2014, 9:32 AM by Scott Slocum   [ updated Sep 3, 2014, 10:39 AM ]

When people say that wolves, for example, are "self-regulating," they might be using scientific terminology, or they might be evangelizing their belief in a cruelty-free Mother Nature.

The reality of a self-regulating population is hard and cruel. It's "cruelty-free" only to those who refuse to pay attention.

Population biology 001 (not even 101): a wild animal's wild environment has a limited "carrying capacity," the number of animals that it can sustain--of that species, or consuming that type of food, or occupying that type of cover. Some years the limit is higher, and some years it's lower; but there's always a limit, and it's always enforced by mortality.

A wild death is generally hard, involving suffering and pain. "The faithful" might be comforted in the belief that it's cruelty-free--simply because, by definition, there's no human "cruelty" involved--but that comfort is for them alone. It's no comfort for the suffering.

So, how does a population self-regulate? The males and females mate and have young and, gradually or suddenly, they die (the young and the parents, the parents and the young). In natural anticipation of such mortality, a "surplus" of animals is produced: a number beyond the environmental carrying capacity. Every year, the surplus will die.

Fish & Game officials
(Booth, 2014) count the "surplus" as the number of animals they can "harvest" each year without interfering with the numbers of a self-regulating population. They judge that a death by a bullet, or a club, or an animal trying to gasp for air is better than a death by combat, or disease, or an animal without enough to eat. They count the numbers (they're specialists at counting the numbers), and they make sure that the numbers that they manage by regulated fish & game seasons are similar to or "better than" the numbers that would have occurred in nature.

For "the faithful," though, there is the "miracle" of self-regulation, and there is no such thing as a "surplus." Every wolf (for example) is born to a purpose in its family and in nature, and no wolf is "surplus." No wolf should ever be hunted (and for "the faithful" beyond the mammalian world, no fish, no bird, no butterfly).

In these two belief systems, the same term is in use: "self-regulating population."

So, what's a scientist to do? Fish & Game officials on the right, holy defenders on the left. Neither willing to consider a different belief system.

I don't know. The only response I generally get is an "active avoidance of information that might increase cognitive dissonance" (Wikipedia, 2014). To me, the response seems very much the same from right (Viewer comments, 2014) or left (Howling for Justice, 2014)--except for the pseudonyms.



References

Booth, Don. 2014. “Do We Need the DNR?” MN Firearms Safety. http://www.mnfas.com/do-we-need-dnr.

Howling for Justice. 2014. "'Defenders' of Wildlife supports wolf hunting!" 9/2/2014. http://howlingforjustice.wordpress.com/2014/08/27/defenders-of-wildlife-supports-wolf-hunting/

Viewer comments. 2014. "Conibear (body grip) traps and the MN Walk In Access Program (WIA)." http://youtu.be/_Da5PRCfT6o

Wikipedia: "Cognitive Dissonance." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_dissonance



Image credit: Daniel MacGregor, "A marvelous work and a wonder: the Gospel restored", Herald Publishing, 1917.
Image credit: Daniel MacGregor, "A marvelous work and a wonder: the Gospel restored", Herald Publishing, 1917.

What's your position on MN Wolf Management?

posted Aug 31, 2014, 11:29 AM by Scott Slocum   [ updated Aug 31, 2014, 11:41 AM ]

I support the full implementation of the Minnesota Wolf Management Plan.

Some of the key points
of the Minnesota Wolf Management Plan (my summary):
  • Be smart in preventing wolf-human conflict: the harassment or attack by wolves of people, pets, or livestock.
  • Develop best management practices (BMPs) that reserve lethal control for wolves that threaten wolf/human conflict.
  • Develop best management practices (BMPs) that emphasize economical, non-lethal depredation control.
  • Educate and encourage people to coexist with wildlife and avoid wolf-human conflicts.
  • Educate and encourage livestock producers to use livestock BMPs to avoid wolf-human conflicts.
  • Leave wolves alone where they live free of wolf/human conflict.



MN_DNR_2001_WolfManagementPlan_CoverPage

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